Every day, 4,000 children aged 0 to 6 Years are victims of home accidents. This figure is cold in the back. But it also alerts parents about the risks of everyday life.
80% of the accidents of daily life involving children from 0 to 4 years old take place at home. Falls (73%), blows and collisions (18%), crushes (6%), burns, choking, cuts, pinching, drowning, strangulation are some of the most common causes.
How to protect our children from home accidents?
Certainly, the house has many dangers. It is then up to the parents to be vigilant and common sense to limit the risks by securing as much as possible the living spaces.
1 Educate your children
There is no age to make a child aware of the dangers of the home. Notify him as soon as possible and do not hesitate to repeat your warnings regularly. Of course, you still have to keep a watchful eye on your children anyway.
2 Protect plugs, furniture corners, doors
To prevent your child from bumping into a corner of the table, pinching your fingers in a door or trying to push them into an electrical outlet, consider equipping you with plugs, protections for corners of furniture, safety for fridge doors and other drawers, door locks, or shock-resistant foam.
3 Ban toxic plants
Begonia, weeping fig, oleander, ivy, Philodendron, apple tree, many plants can be toxic if ingested, chewed and sometimes just touched. Identify them and ban them from your home. You will find a list here.
4 Move furniture away from windows
If the children are not aware of the risks they are taking, they also turn out to be real daredevils. To avoid falls, move all furniture away from windows to prevent access.
5 Prefer sleeping bags to sheets and duvets
For up to three years, it is better to ban duvets and other sheets from cribs, to reduce choking hazards. Prefer the turbulettes, more adapted and more reassuring.
6 Avoid high beds
If they make children dream, high beds would be involved in 60% of domestic accidents. Better to give up the bunk beds, raised or mezzanine before 6 years.
7 Fix the furniture to the wall
As soon as they walk, the children spend most of their time clinging to the furniture they find in their path. The lighter and less stable can then switch. To avoid this, attach to the most dangerous walls.
8 Put small objects out of reach of smaller ones
From 6 months, our children like to bring to their mouth all that they find. Better place the LEGO, Sylvanians, Playmobil and other Petshop high up and educate older siblings. Also remove from view the pen caps, biscuits, batteries, hair pins, coins, beads …
9 Do not leave a child alone in his bath
A few seconds and ten centimeters of water are enough for a child to drown. Never leave yours unattended in the bath. Use a bath recliner or non-slip mat. Prepare in advance what you need to avoid having to turn your back too long. And avoid letting go of electrical appliances nearby.
10 Use a bath thermometer
To avoid domestic burn accidents, the baby bath water must not exceed 37 ° C. To check, use a bath thermometer.
11 Place the medicine cabinet at a height
Never leave drugs within reach of your children. Do not let them hang out in a changing bag or on the kitchen table. Store them in a pharmacy in height and lock it.
12 Favor adapted toys and standards
Do not give a child toys that do not fit his age. Some include small pieces that can be ingested in particular. Choose toys with the NF standard, the most stringent in terms of safety, or failing that, the CE standard, which is mandatory for all toys sold in Europe.
13 Install protective barriers to stairs
If your home allows it, secure the stairs with adequate protective barriers. On the other hand, do not tinker with the system yourself, as it may give way under the weight of your child.
14 Teach your child to go up and down the stairs
As soon as he takes his first steps, a child can learn to climb the stairs on all fours and descend it backwards under your watchful control. Be careful, never leave him alone until he knows how to get on or off by standing on the guardrail. And force him to wear non-slip slippers.
15 Never leave a child alone at height
On the changing table or in his highchair, on the sofa or your bed, a child can tip over in a few seconds of inattention. Use the straps when the equipment has them and never lose sight of your children.
16 Place dangerous kitchen accessories high up
If you have shelves or tall furniture, put away all your potentially dangerous objects: knives, glass bottles, lighters, matches, plastic bags … close the drawers with suitable accessories and do not let anything hang around.
17 Prefer ovens with insulated doors
Keep children away from oven doors when they are in operation, especially if they are hot. If possible, opt for ovens with insulated doors.
18 Install a stove protection
The object serves as a barrier and prevents the smallest to access the buttons of a stove or burn themselves by putting his hand on a plate. Cooking protections are becoming more prevalent but do not prevent surveillance.
19 Turn the handles of the pans and pans inwards
It does not always think, this simple gesture can yet avoid serious domestic accidents. By turning the handles of pots and pans, you will prevent your children from clinging to them. After use, immediately place them in the sink to cool.
20 Do not pour household products into water bottles
To avoid dangerous misunderstandings, never transfer household products, especially bleach, into a conventional bottle that your child could easily confuse. And never let detergent products reach the hands of children.
21 Get training
Each year, nearly 1 million people are trained in emergency procedures by attending the PSC1 (Prevention Level 1) course. You can also take a Half-Day Infant and Child First Aid Awareness (IPSEN) with the Red Cross.